Monday, July 07, 2014

RSA OAEP padding with SHA512 hash algorithm

Recently I wanted to encrypt a message with RSA with OAEP padding. I also wanted to use SHA512 as hashing algorithm and mask generation function(MGF) in the OAEP padding instead of SHA1. But it looks like it is not possible with the OpenSSL/libcrypto as the SHA1 hash algorithm is hard coded in OAEP padding implementation. This is confirmed by this thread in OpenSSL forum. Though the forum thread was written around 2012 but still I couldn't find a way use either SHA256 or SHA512 as my hashing algorithm and MGF in OAEP padding.

As suggested by "Dr Stephen N. Henson"(the core developer of OpenSSL) in the forum thread , I've took the implementation of RSA OAEP padding and modified to use SHA512 instead of SHA1. It is mostly just find EVP_sha1 and replace with EVP_sha512. We also need to update the usage of SHA_DIGEST_LENGTH macro to SHA512_DIGEST_LENGTH to reflect the output length of SHA512 hash. Below is the modified RSA OAEP padding implementation which uses SHA512 algorithm. Hope it helps, cheers.

Wednesday, July 02, 2014

Viewing raw RGB bitmaps with ImageMagick

I've been looking for a tool to view raw RGB/RGBA bitmaps but couldn't locate such one. It will be useful at times when we want to troubleshoot what bitmaps we are feeding to video encoder or what frames are getting produced by video decoder. The RGB bitmaps contains raw image data and doesn't carry any header info like width, height and etc. For example, if the image is 100x100 and it is a 32 bits per-pixel(RGBA) then the RGBA image will be 100 * 100 * 4 = 40,000 bytes. In this image data each pixel is represented by four bytes and the bytes present the color primary values of Red, Green, Blue & Alpha respectively.

Very recently I realized I can use ImageMagick to convert these RGB bitmaps to any viewable image formats like png or jpg and use any standard image viewer to view them. The following command uses ImageMagick's convert utility to convert the raw RGBA image to png image which can be viewed with any image viewer application.
convert.exe -depth 8 -size 2048x858 image.rgba image.png
as you can see we specify the bit depth(how many bits per pixel component) and size, without which the utility doesn't know how to interpret the image data from source image. We can also specify source and destination color space with '-colorspace' option to convert the image from one color space to another. Also the option '-alpha off' can be used if we want to ignore the alpha channel from source image.